What is periodontology?
Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that studies hard and soft tissues that support your teeth and maintain their position in the jaw. This structure, known as periodonsium, has very important functions. Tightly connects the teeth to the jaws It acts as a shock absorber during bite and chewing. Therefore, it protects the jawbone from excessive forces and helps prevent damage to the teeth. It keeps the teeth in a fixed position in the jaws so that they work together efficiently and comfortably during chewing.
Periodonsium consists of several components that work together. The tooth socket is a sac in which the root of the tooth is located. The cement layer is a dark yellow structure that usually does not appear in a healthy mouth that covers the root part of the tooth. There is a complex pattern of small fibers known as periodontal bonds between the root cement tissue and the bone socket. Since different parts of periodonsium consist of living tissues, it adapts to changes in the mouth over time and ensures that the teeth remain stable in place.